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What gardener will admit being fully satisfied with his land? On too wet ground, many of us shrink from all hope of having beautiful plantations. And yet, a cool and wet land is appreciated by many species, and one can create an exuberant decor, a lush jungle. It remains to master the presence of water, compose and play with it and above all make a judicious selection of species that will perfectly flourish in such an environment.
The first thing to do before any planting project is to examine the land. Some marks such as the presence of rushes, horsetail or even moss indicate that your soil is heavy and wet. The clay soil is compact, sticky when wet and waterproof, even muddy in winter and slow to warm up in spring. But it has the advantage of retaining water and nutrients well. Be careful, however, that it is not saturated with water during the winter. For that a drainage can prove to be essential. Mix the clay soil with garden soil and compost, compost or manure. The addition of sand and crushed chalk is also recommended. In summer, we will think of mulching the base of the plants and we will cover the earth in winter with wood chips composted for example. In this type of land, do not persist in wanting to cultivate Mediterranean species! Plant suitable plants even if it may seem a little restrictive. You will get a particular landscape which does not lack charm with species with exuberant foliage, with generous gaits. Because let's not forget that the presence of water is an excellent growth factor. Result: you will get a garden full of panache!
A wide choice of species adapted to wetlands
On a cool and humid land, a large quantity of trees, shrubs, perennials and aquatic plants will flourish, offering magnificent foliage and creating an exotic, lush scene. We do not hesitate to play with the contrasts, materials and colors of the leaves. Hostas with very decorative, green, variegated green and yellow or cream foliage to have partial shade. The rodgersias who appreciate humus soils and partial shade. Theastilbe which evokes the lotus, perennial plant with white, pink, salmon or red flowers from June to August. The copper beech ideally isolate or plant in groups of three. Appreciated for its beautiful blackish purple foliage. The alder which is particularly liked at the edge of water features or in marshy soil.
The perennial geraniums of which there are many varieties with pink, red, purple or blue flowers. The azaleas which are planted in groups or in beds in association with rhododendrons for example. All are rustic and come in many colors.
The rhododendrons, beautiful compact evergreen shrubs that remain attractive even after flowering. Very ornamental with its shiny dark green foliage, the rhododendron is planted alone, in groups or in clumps associated with other heather plants. Be careful, however, to dig a pit of heather earth (ditto for azaleas). The elderberry with spectacular bronze and then golden yellow foliage is a vigorous deciduous plant. The darmera peltata (Peltiphyllum peltatum) has rounded, embossed leaves carried by stems hoisting them over 1.50 m. This perennial plant has large deciduous leaves which take on exceptional proportions in constantly moist soil and bloom after a pink flowering in April and May. The only precaution to take: plant it in deep soil. TheAlchemilla offers abundant yellow flowering from June to September, its light green foliage is very decorative. Rudbeckia, a perennial plant with single or double golden yellow flowers, will adapt perfectly in moist soil.
Theanemone is a magnificent plant for a massif where it will thrive without difficulty once established. Perennial herb. The weeping willow with its long branches sometimes drooping to the ground. Decorative all year round, it is vigorous and its growth is very rapid. The proximity to a pond is particularly suitable for him. Asters, herbaceous perennials, form small, compact bouquets and add a touch of color at the end of the summer. White, pink, red, mauve, blue or purple flowers. The dogwood is a deciduous shrub which finds its place in the massifs, its fine and red stems are magnificent in winter and its white flowers form flat bouquets in summer. The bamboo, grasses and ferns will also harmoniously find their place in the decor. The bamboo stems have various colors and can act as a screen while the grasses enhance the beds of exuberant flowers invading the space with elegance. As for the ferns, they particularly appreciate a cool and humid atmosphere and will form a pretty green carpet. Little reminder about bamboo: it is essential to provide a pit with an anti-rhizome barrier. Among the subjects to try to create a real tropical jungle decor, think of the magnificent ornamental rhubarb, perennial plant with great development measuring up to a meter in height. It is native to Asia and proves to be very decorative with its very large leaves. Without forgetting the birch, the reeds, the apple, the cherry trees, the lilac, the viburnum, the hazel, the forsythia, the bellflowers, the snapdragons, theiris, the dahlias… If grasses, perennials and aquatic plants thrive particularly well and get along wonderfully on wet ground, these species have the advantage of creating a setting with a very natural spirit. A wild taste that can be enhanced by the presence of pebbles, stones or even wood. So for example grating or wooden bench will be part of the atmosphere. Another decor of Japanese inspiration, place bamboos, willows and birches that blend with pebbles and rocks.
Wet land can thus be used, it is up to you to imagine a garden with a unique style while ensuring the harmony of species!